簡介pg模擬器【實名注冊有禮】雅思詞匯解析64）| 生物滅絕2023-11-26 14:04:22來源: 新航道官方號 北京 舉報
November 26,雅思 2023
雅思詞匯解析 | | 欄目推送說明
1. extinct /?k'st??kt/
e.g. The numbers of these animals have been falling steadily and they are now almost extinct.
e.g. The orchid was so rare it was thought to be extinct.
e.g. Herbalism had become an all but extinct skill in the Western world.
e.g. an extinct volcano
an active volcano 活火山
a dormant volcano 休眠火山
n. extinction 滅絕
be threatened with extinction 瀕臨滅絕
save something from extinction 保護…防止滅絕
e.g. Hundreds of species of birds are now threatened with extinction.
e.g. Conservationists are trying to save the whale from extinction.
2. exterminate /?k'st??m?ne?t/
v. to destroy or kill (a group of animals, people, etc.) completely消滅;滅絕;根除
e.g. A huge effort was made to exterminate the rats.
e.g. The government launched a campaign to exterminate the invasive species from the national park.
補充：invasive species 入侵物種
n. extermination 滅絕；殺滅
e.g. International measures have been taken to prevent the extermination of the whale.
3. poach /?po?t?/
e.g. Elephants are often poached for their ivory tusks.
e.g. The pangolin, a large ant-eating mammal, is poached heavily.
n. poaching 偷獵
n. poacher 偷獵者
e.g. Poachers are responsible for the declining rhinoceros population in this area.
4. adapt /??d?pt/
e.g. Evolution can seem cruel at times, and often, a species will be ‘out-evolved’ by another competing species that simply adapts faster.
雅思真題13-1-4: And we used to think that only a few species could adapt to this new environment. One species which is well known as being highly adaptable is the crow, and there've been various studies about how they manage to Learn new skills.
n. adaptation (動植物的）適應性
e.g. Most living creatures are capable of adaptation when compelled to do so.
adj. adaptable 有適應能力的;適應性強的；
e.g. Organisms that live at higher latitudes have to be more adaptable, be able to handle lots of different conditions.